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Agent, G.G. in Rajputana authorised to coerce the rebel Prince of Sirohi Raj Sahiban Shri Hamir Singhji Sahib with the Erinpura Troops, and if necessary to call for re-inforcement from Dusa or Nurresrabad. (Possible went to the bheel to who have give refuges and rebel 1861) During Mughal Emperor Humayun II 1858-1877

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Date
November 30, 1861
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Belongs To
Firuz Shah (Karim Us-Shuja)
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Held At
National Archives of India,Delhi
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Era
Humayun II 1858-1877
MARC-04102022-602
Related Documents

DESCRIPTION

Foreign Department

Political Branch

Part-A

 

Agent, G.G. in Rajputana authorised to coeree the rebel Prince of Sirohi with the Erinpura Troops, and if necessary to call for re-inforcement from Dusa or Nurresrabad.

 

 

Background

 

Sirohi District is located in the south western part of Rajasthan. Covering an area of about 5139 sq km, Sirohi is considered as the third smallest district in Rajasthan. Pali District lies towards the north-east of Sirohi District, while Udaipur lies to the east. From the western side, Sirohi is surrounded by Jalore and from the south by the Banaskantha District of Gujarat. The district is divided into five tehsils, namely Sirohi, Reodar, Pindwara, Sheoganj and Mt. Abu. These tehsils are further divided into three sub-tehsils, namely Mandar, Bhavari and Kalandri. The headquarters of this district are based at Sirohi city, which was formerly the capital of the princely state of Sirohi. Sirohi District was founded by the son of Rao Sobhaji, Sehastramal, on the western slope of Siranwa hills. Additionally, he laid the foundation of the Sirohi Fort on the second day of Vaisakh in 1425. Post India's Independence, the state administration of Sirohi State was taken from the minor ruler of Sirohi State, by the Bombay Government. The state was under the administration of the Bombay Government from 5th January, 1949 to 25th January, 1950. In 1950, the district of Sirohi was merged into the state of Rajasthan. This destination was popular as Dev Nagari, because of the number of temples and shrines dotted across the region. The population of the district is 8,51,107, which mainly comprises of tribal people of Bhils and Grasiya. Marat Nachna, Sarkali and Gavri dance form an integral part of the culture in this region.

 

 

Maharao Umed Singh

 

Born Thursday, Phagun S. 2, 1889 V.E. (1833). Accession Paush B, 2, 1919 V.E. (1863). Died Aswin B. x, 1932 V.E. (1875). The first act of his reign was the conciliation of his brothers. In the lifetime of Maharao Shiva Singh, Major Hall, the Political Superintendent of Sirohi, con- sidered it extremely expedient that provision should be made for the four younger sons of the Maharao, by allotting villages to the first three, Hamir Singh, Jet Singh, and Jawan Singh, and omitting for the time the youngest Tej Singh, who was then only 13 years old. The proposal was approved by all but Hamir Singh. Jet Singh, Jamat Singh and Jawan Singh preferred to remain in Sirohi with a monthly allowance of Rs. 500 till they married. Hamir Singh, at the instigation of some mischief- makers, went out on a pretext of hunting and took pos- session of Pindwara. Expostulations were of no avail and Major Hall thereupon decided to give him a lesson. Hamir hid himself in the hills and with the ever-ready help of the Bhils commenced ravaging the country. It was not considered advisable to pursue him but pickets were posted at various places for the protection of the villagers. A few months afterwards the other three brothers joined Hamir Singh and with the help of Nahar, the chief of the hill Girasias, began to harass the country by a system of outlawry which seems to have.

 

MAHARAO UMED SINGH-245


Become prevalent in Sirohi. Maharao Umed Singh on his accession to the gaddi invited his brothers to Sirohi. Jet Singh, Jawan Singh and Jamat Singh duly appeared and were awarded villages as follows : — Jet Singh, villages of Nandia, Hamirpur, Laj, and half of Baoly. Jawan Singh, villages of Ajari, Alpa, and Khejaria. Jamat Singh, villages of Khakharwara and Kharar. Nine whole villages and one-half village were thus allotted to the three brothers and Nitora remained the joint property of all. The three brothers were thus satisfied and they and their companions were pardoned.Hamir Singh on hearing the news of the conciliation of his brothers began to think of appearing at Sirohi. The Maharao who always had a very affectionate regard for his brothers, being apprised of his intention, at once invited him to Sirohi, and on Asarh S. 2, 1920 V.E.(1863) granted him the villages of Santpur, Kui, Siawah, Bhimana, a third part of Sirohi, and the Khalsa part of Positara. This satisfied him and he fixed his residence at Bhimana. It is needless to say that Maharao Umed Singh was greatly pleased on seeing his brothers peacefully settled. Administrative Reforms . —Maharao Umed Singh governed his State with the assistance of the Political Superintendent for about three years, and was invested with full authority on the 1st September 1865 (Bhad- rapad S. 11, 1922 V.E.). “He assumed power under fair auspices with a balance in his treasury and the general condition of affairs much improved from what it was in the time o f his father.” 1 Brigands were 1 Rajputana Gazetteer, p. 246.


HISTORY OF SIROHI RAJ-246


Brought to book, crime decreased, professional robbers turned into peaceful husbandmen, the power of the nobles was broken and their outlawry minimised, traffic on highways restored, several desolate villages repopu-lated, revenue increased, and administration reformed; the State debt was paid off and a balance of Rs. 42,365 was left in the treasury. Before the year 1923 V.E. (1866), civil and criminal justice was dispensed by officers controlled by the Diwan. This caused delay and separate civil and criminal courts were established. The pay of the tahsildars was increased and competent men were appointed, some of them having been invited from other parts of India. On the 6th July 1866 (Asarh 1923 V.E.), a Khureeta was received from the Officiat-ing Political Superintendent, Sirohi, in which it was stated, " that many more European gentlemen and men now resided on Aboo than used to be the case ; that the native foreign population had greatly increased; and that owing to these circumstances, the arrangements made by the late Rao were insufficient, and it was necessary that the powers of the Political Superintendent should be confirmed in the usual manner, etc.,

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