The History of Sufism
Mirza Firuz Shah
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Jahangir II 1920-1948
Publisher and Place:
South Asia Books (May 1, 1997)
10 : 8121500397 l 13 : 978-8121500395
Royal Mughal Ref:
Sufism meaning is mysticism in Islam, "characterized ... [by particular] values, ritual practices, doctrines and institutions".
Sufism originated after the death of Mohammed in 632, but it did not develop into orders until the 12th Century.
The orders were formed around spiritual founders, who gained saint status and shrines built in their names. There are dozens of Sufi orders and offshoots.
Sufism spread throughout the Muslim world, becoming a central component of many peoples' religious practice from Indonesia and South Asia to Africa and the Balkans.
Sufi orders were sometimes close to the ruling powers such as the Ottoman Empire, helping their spread and influence.
As it spread, it often adapted to and incorporated local beliefs and customs that made it popular, but would later become to be viewed by Islamic extremist groups as heretical.
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Thank You for Suggestion and replaced image with proper one.
This is not the same may be one of his great grand children ???