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Vol- 4 Encyclopedia of the history of Iraq between two occupations - Part 4, موسوعة تاريخ العراق بين احتلالين - ج ٤

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Book Review

Subject:

History

Subclass:

Subject Era:

Humayun 1530–1556

Author:

Abbas Al-Azzawi

Volume:

4

Edition:

Year:

2004

Publisher and Place:

Arab House of Encyclopedias 2004 AD.

Languages:

Arabic

ISBN 10|13:

-

Royal Mughal Ref:

ARC-1000001-25036

Description

In the name of of Allah the Merciful

Introduction

Praise be to God, Lord of the worlds, and may peace and blessings be upon His Messenger Muhammad, his family, companions, and those who followed them with charity until the Day of Judgment.

And after that, Iraq was hit by a severe blow from the Mongols in the year 656 AH - 1258 CE, and it was not corrected until another followed it and another, and it is still to this era. Cairo circulated and disturbed events alternated with him, so he was not able to regain his glory and independence. Rather, compassion became frequent and calamities followed, so I tampered with him and did not allow him to think about his affairs, but he did not breathe a sigh of relief until 24 Jumada al-Awwal 941-1534 CE during the Ottoman conquest. This lasted for a limited time, then his administration was disturbed by the wars that happened between Iraq and Iran, and he saw the forms of injustice and the injustices of the fierce administrations. During which he was betrayed once, and showed the suns again. However, Muhaid al-Janah was influenced by the conditions of his state in most of his conditions, although he had his peculiarities until the occupation of Baghdad occurred on Jumada Al-Uola 17, 1335 AH - March 11, 1917 CE. On this date, the Ottoman rule ended, the relationship between us and it was severed, and after a short period of time it was removed from the clear, and its successor (the Turkish Republic).


الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على رسوله محمد وعلى آله وصحبه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.

وبعد فإن العراق كان أصابته الضربة القاسية من المغول سنة ٦٥٦ ه‍ ـ ١٢٥٨ م فلم يصح منها حتى أعقبته أخرى وأخرى ولا يزال إلى هذا العهد. تداولته الأيدي القاهرة وتناوبته الأحداث المزعجة ، فلم يتمكن من استعادة مجده واستقلاله ، بل تواترت عليه الإحن وتوالت النكبات ، فعبثت به ولم تدع له مجالا للتفكير بشؤونه ، بل لم يتنفس الصعداء إلا في ٢٤ جمادى الأول سنة ٩٤١ ه‍ ـ ١٥٣٤ م إبان الفتح العثماني. دام هذا لأمد محدود ، ثم اختلت إدارته بما حدث من حروب بين العراق وإيران ، فرأى ضروب الضيم ، وأنواع الحيف من الإدارات العاتية. في خلالها خنع مرة ، وأبدى الشموس أخرى. لكنه كان مهيض الجناح ، متأثرا بأوضاع دولته في غالب أحواله وإن كانت له خصوصيته إلى أن حدث احتلال بغداد في ١٧ جمادى الأولى سنة ١٣٣٥ ه‍ ـ ١١ آذار سنة ١٩١٧ م. وفي هذا التاريخ انتهى الحكم العثماني ، فقطعت العلاقة بيننا وبينه كما أنه بعد مدة وجيزة زال من البين ، وخلفته (الجمهورية التركية).

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Mohmedd shareef

Thank You for Suggestion and replaced image with proper one.

Mirza Firuz

This is not the same may be one of his great grand children ???