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Ain-i-Akbari of Abul Fazl-i-'Allami Translated into English by Col. Henry Sullivan Jarrett Revised and annotated by Jadunath Sarkar


Mirza Firuz Shah


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Subject Year (Time):



Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak





Publisher & Place:

The Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta - 1948

Publisher Date:




ISBN 10|13:


Royal Mughal Ref:



The Book "Ain e Akbari was written by Abul Fazl Allami and Translated by Col. Henry Sullivan revised in the Year of 1948.
Publisher and Place: The Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta - 1948

Book contents:

(1) The Boundaries of Hindustan and a Brief Description Thereof

India--Its Boundaries, Seasons, Natural Beauty, and Crops; Ethnography of Hindustan; On the Inferior and Superior Cosmic Phenomena; The Instutution of the Gharyal [a gong]; The Order of the Spheres; Circumferences of the Spheres; Lunar Stations; Magnitudes of the Fixed Stars

(2) Description of the Earth

Description of the Insular Continents; Description of Jambu Dwipa; On Terrestrial Longitude; On Terrestrial Latitude; Extent of Desert and Habitable Land; Division of the Earth and Countries; Places Beyond the Climates, adjoining the Equator [divided into five "Climates]; To find the Distances of Places; Singular Results arising from Accident of Location; The Scale of Notation; The Quarters of the Globe

(3) "Animal Life" [meaning living beings, as opposed to geography]

Languages; Fauna; Weights and Measures; Jeweller's Weights; Banker's Weights; Other Trade-weights

(4) The Learning of the Hindus [="people of Hind"]

Description of the Nine Schools; The Sixteen Predicaments [sources of knowledge]; Vaiseshika; Mimamsa; Vedanta; Sankhya; Patanjali

(5) [on various doctrines]

Jaina; Bauddha [Buddhism]; Nastika
(6) The Eighteen Sciences (Atharah Vidya)
Karma-vipaka; Svara; Answers to inquirers; Agama; Sakuna; Garuda; Indra-jala; Rasa-vidya; Ratna-pariksha; Kama-sastra

(7) [on the arts and sciences]

Sahitya [literature]; Sangita [music]; Four Kinds of Instruments; On the Classes of Singers; The Akhara [a dance presentation]; Gaja-sastra [care of elephants]; Salihotra [care of horses]; Vastuka [architecture]; Supa [cooking]; Rajaniti [statecraft]; Vyavahara, or, the Administration of Justice

(8) [on religious life]

The Four Periods of Religious Life; Worship of the Deity; Isvara-puja, or Divine Worship; Yajna, or Sacrifice; Dana, or Alms giving; Sraddha, or Ceremonies in honour of deceased ancestors; Avataras, or Incarnations of the Deity (Matsyavatara, or Fish-Incarnation; Kurmavatara, or Tortoise-Incarnation; Varahavatara, or Boar-Incarnation; Nara-sinha, or Man-Lion-Incarnation; Vamana, or Dwarf-Incarnation; Parasuramavatara, or Incarnation of Rama with the axe; Ramavatara, or Rama-Incarnation; Krishnavatara, or Incarnation as Krishna; Buddhavatara, or Buddha-Incarnation; Kalkyavatara, or Kalki-Incarnation); Unclean Things; Purifiers; State of Purification; Improper Dress; Prohibited Food; Ceremonies in Cooking and Eating; Rules of Fasting; Enumeration of Sins; Interior Sins

(9) [more on religious life]

Sacred Places of Pilgrimage; Customs of Marriage; Sringara, or Ornaments of Dress; Jewels; Workmen in Decorative Art; Ceremonies at Childbirth; The number of Festivals; Ceremonies at Death; Meritorious Manner of Death

(10) Comers into India

Adam; Hushang; Ham; Jamshid; Zohak; Garshasp; Isfandyar of the Brazen Body; Nariman, son of Garshasp, the son of Utrut; Sam, son of Nariman; Zal, son of Sam; Faramarz, son of Rustam; Bahman, son of Isfandyar; Alexander of Greece; Mani the Painter; Bahram Gor; Burzuyah; Muhammad Qasim; Amir Nasiruddin Sabuktigin; Amir Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi; Sultan Mas'ud; Sultan Ibrahim, son of Sultan Mas'ud; Sultan Mas'ud b.-Ibrahim; Bahram Shah b.-Masaud b.-Ibrahim; Khusrau Shah b.-Bahram Shah; Sultan Mu'izzu'ddin Muhammad Sam; Sultan Qutbu'ddin Aibak; Malik Nasiru'ddin Qabachah; Sultan Shamsu'ddin Iltutmish; Sultan Ghiyas u'ddin Balban; Sultan Muhammad b.-Sultan Malik Shah Saljuqi; Sultan Jalalu'ddin Mankburni; Turmatai Novian; Malik Khan Khalaj; Tahir; Mankuyah; Sari Novian; Timur Novian; Abdu'llah Khan; Saldi; Qatlagh Khwajah; Targhi Novian; Ali Beg and Tartak; Kapak Mughal; Iqbalmand; Khwajah Rashid; Lord of the Fortunate Conjunction (Timur); Baber; Humayun

(11) Saints of India (Awliya-i Hind)

[a discussion of Sufi orders]; Shaykh Baba Ratn; Khwajah Muinu'ddin Hasan Chishti; Shaykh 'Ali Ghaznavi Hajubari [=Hujwiri]; Shaykh Husayn Zanjani; Shaykh Bahau'ddin Zakariya; Qutbu'ddin Bakhtyar Kaki; Shaykh Faridu'ddin Ganj-i Shakkar; Shaykh Sadru'ddin Aarii; Nizamu'ddin Auliya; Shaykh Ruknu'ddin; Shaykh Jalalu'ddin Tabrizi; Shaykh Sufi Badhni; Khwajah Karak; Shaykh Nizamu'ddin Abu'l Muayyad; Shaykh Najibu'ddin Muhammad; Qazi Hamidu'ddin Nagori; Shaykh Hamidu'ddin Suwali of Nagor; Shaykh Najibu'ddin Mutawakkil; Shaykh Badru'ddin; Shaykh Badru'ddin Is'haq; Shaykh Nasiru'ddin Chiragh-i-Dihlavi, or the Lamp of Delhi; Shaykh Sharaf (u'ddin) of Panipat; Shaykh Ahmad; Shaykh Jalal; Shaykh Sharafu'ddin Muniri [=Maneri]; Shaykh Jamalu'ddin Hansawi; Shah Madar; Shaykh Nur Qutb-i-Aalam; Baba Is'haq Maghrabi; Shaykh Ahmad Khattu; Shaykh Sadru'ddin; Shaykh Ala'uddin Muhammad; Sayyid Muhammad Gesudaraz (Long Hair); Qutb-i-Aalam; Shah Aalam; Shaykh Qutbu'ddin; Shaykh 'Ali Payrav; Sayyid Muhammad Jaunpuri; Qazi Khan; Mir Sayyid 'Ali Qawam; Qazi Mahmud; Shaykh Maudud al-Lari; Shaykh Haji Abd'ul Wahhab al-Bokhari; Shaykh Abdu'r-Razzaq; Shaykh Abdu'l-Quddus; Sayyid Ibrahim; Shaykh Aman; Shaykh Jamal; Khizr; Elias

- By Prof.Frances Pritchett

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Very good information.

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