History Of The Sikhs Vol. III Sikh Domination Of The Mughal Empire
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Shah Alam II 1759–1806
Subject Year (Time):
Hari Ram Gupta
Publisher & Place:
978-81-215-0540-6 | 978-81-215-0213-9
Royal Mughal Ref:
History of the Sikhs is planned as a five volume survey aiming to present a comprehensive view of the rise, growth and development of Sikh thought and action in every direction. This volume Sikh Domination of the Mughal Empire, 1764-1803 is third in the series. The whole series is based on original contemporary sources in Persian, Marathi, Gurumukhi, Urdu, Hindi, and English known to exist in India and abroad. The dominating theme of the third volume is how and why the Sikhs missed numerous opportunities of establishing a Sikh State over the whole northern India. Najib-ud-daulah Rohilla, the first dictator of Delhi, and the vanquisher of Marathas and the Jats, publicly confessed having failed to subdue the Sikhs. Once he paid them a blackmail of eleven lakhs of rupees. His son and successor saved himself by embracing Sikhism. His widow and son lived in the Panjab on a Jagir granted by Jassa Singh Ramgarhia in his safe custody for seventeen years. The Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II (1759-1806) was prepared to place himself and his empire under Sikh protection. Najaf Khan, his prime minister, granted sovereign rights to the Sikhs. Mahadji Sindhia, the second dictator of the Mughal Empire, always maintained peace with them in spite of their frequent provocations. Lord Cornwallis, the British Governor-General in vain cajoled and coaxed them in order to secure the liberty from Sikh captivity of
Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Stuart who was set free after ten months on receiving a ransom. The Jat rajas of Bharatpur, Rajput princes, Nawabs of
Oudh, and the hill rajas, all troubled before them. As the Sikhs had risen to power and predominance from extreme poverty and penury, their imagination could not go outside their homeland acquisition of gold from the rich, rakhi from Zamindars, and Kambh from artisans. Professor Hari Ram Gupta had his education at Lahore. He was a lecturer at Forman Christian College, Lahore, founder Principal of Vaish College, Bhiwani (1944), and Head of the Department of History of Aitchison College, Lahore. He also served as professor and Head of the Department of History and Dean University Instruction; Punjab University, Chandigarh, later he worked as honorary professor in Department of History, University of Delhi. He has also been honorary professor of history at Dev Samaj College for Women, Ferozpur, Punjab. Among the important works of Dr Gupta are five volumes of History of the Sikhs; Punjab on the Eve of First Sikh War; Marathas and Panipat; Sir Jadunath Sarkar Commemoration Volumes; Life and Work of Mohan Lal Kashmiri, with a foreword by Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, and three volumes on India-Pakistan War, 1965. He passed away in April 1992.
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Very good information.
Shah Sharaf Barlas
If possible anyone have shijra family tree of Mughal Barlas traib of Attock Pakistan please share with me.