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A calligraphy of Sulṭān ʻAlī Mashhadī

December 31, 1499
Cleveland Art
Art and Calligraphy
Sultan Husayn Bayqara 1470–1506

A calligraphy of Sulṭān ʻAlī Mashhadī



A calligraphy of Sulṭān ʻAlī Mashhadī late 15th or early 16th century. Description: 1 single leaf : paper on card, ill. ; 379 x 241 mm Credit: Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1911. Genres: Manuscripts--Afghanistan--Herāt--15th century. Manuscripts--Afghanistan--Herāt--16th century. Illuminated borders--Afghanistan--Herāt--15th century. Illuminated borders--Afghanistan--Herāt--16th century. Calligraphy--Afghanistan--Herāt--15th century. Calligraphy--Afghanistan--Herāt--16th century. Paper (fiber product) Cardboard. Single leaves. Language: Arabic and Persian Surrounds in Arabic. Script: nastaʻlīq Notes: Ms. calligraphy; written and illuminated in the late 15th or early 16th century, possibly in Herāt. Text: five hemistichs of Arabic poetry with Persian tranlation below it. Surrounds are two lines of Arabic poetry cut from a manuscript. Text of the surrounds refer to the cave in which Muḥammad and Abū-Bakr spent a night hiding from the Meccans. Scribe: Sulṭān ʻAlī Mashhadī. Decoration: illuminated border. Text box: 136 x 58 mm. MICROFILM holding is on record for MS M.458.1r. Provenance: Purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) from Charles Hercules Read in 1911; J.P. Morgan (1867-1943). Associated Names: ʻAlī Mashhadī, Sulṭān, active 1453-1514, scribe. Read, Charles Hercules, Sir, 1857-1929, former owner. Morgan, J. Pierpont (John Pierpont), 1837-1913, former owner. Morgan, J. P. (John Pierpont), 1867-1943, former owner. Formatted Place:Afghanistan--Herāt. Cite as: Pierpont Morgan Library. MS M.458.35r. Publications on: Islamic and Indian manuscripts and paintings in the Pierpont Morgan Library / Barbara Schmitz. New York: The Library, 1997, no. 50, p. 172. Subjects: Manuscripts, Persian--New York (State)--New York. 1475-1525. Dept./Collection: Pierpont Morgan Library Dept. of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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