top of page

Akbar with falcon receiving Itimam Khan

June 30, 1556
Animals and Plants
Akbar 1556–1605




Keshav Das Akbar with falcon receiving Itimam Khan, while below a poor petitioner (self-portrait of the painter Keshav Das as an old man) is driven away by a royal guard: page from the Jahangir Album Mughal court at Lahore, dated 1589 Inscribed: signed and dated by Kesu Das, and scribal annotation identifying Itimam Khan. Opaque watercolor and ink on paper; painting 8 X5 In. (26.7 X 15 cm); page: 21 X 15 In (53.7 X 39.5 cm) Staatsbibliohek zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesetz (Ms.117. Fol.25a) Published: Kuhnel and Goetz, Indian Book Painting from Jahangir's Album in the State Library of Berlin (1925), pl.38, Beach, Mughal Painter Kesu Das (1976-77), fig. 17; Okada, Indian Miniatures at the Mughal Court (1992) Fig. 99. An elderly man, stooped and emaciated, holds a scroll of paper upon which is written a salutation to Emperor Akbar seen above along with the artist's name and date. Surprisingly, it is written in Hindi in devanagari script, not Persian, the language of the Mughal Court. This inscription makes clear that the humble petitioner is the artist himself. With great skill, Keshav Das created a rocky landscape in the Timurid manner to provide a two-tiered setting for his subject, ostensibly a scene depicting the emperor receiving a court petitioner but in reality, concerned with the artist's plight and a sense of injustice. He is being prevented from meeting the emperor by a hostile guard in a scene that must be read as allegorical. Source: Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz

Rate This BookDon’t love itNot greatGoodGreatLove itRate This Book

Your content has been submitted

Post Comment
Ratings & Review
Click To Close Comment Box
Click To Post Your Comment
Show Reviews

Ismail Mazari

average rating is null out of 5

Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

Mughal Library brings readers of our history and related subjects on one platform. our goal is to share knowledge between researchers and students in a friendly environment.


bottom of page