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Fragment of a Segmentum with Palmette Tree

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December 31, 699
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Cleveland Art
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Art and Calligraphy
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Umayyad Caliphate

Fragment of a Segmentum with Palmette Tree

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DESCRIPTION

Fragment of a Segmentum with Palmette Tree 700s Syria, Umayyad or Abbasid period, 8th century Compound twill, silk Overall: 7.9 x 8.6 cm (3 1/8 x 3 3/8 in.); Mounted: 14 x 15.2 cm (5 1/2 x 6 in.) Purchase from the J. H. Wade Fund 1982.292 DESCRIPTION Originally, these luxurious silk roundels, each with at least three matching pieces, were cut and sewn onto the front and back of a tunic, probably linen, in Egypt. They belong to a sizeable group of comparable silk decorations found in Akhmim, Egypt. In each roundel, a stylized palmette tree is enclosed within a simplified lotus border which evolved from an ancient Egyptian lotus motif. These delicate silks were woven on large looms with automatic pattern repetition, called drawlooms. Dark blue and ivory silk horizontal wefts dominate, interlaced by vertical warps in a diagonal twill weave. A second inner warp does not come to the surface; one inner warp is visible between each interlacing warp. This compound weave, with two warps, is often called complementary weft twill with inner warps (samit). PROVENANCE said to have been found in Akhmim, Egypt; (Mme. Paul Mallon, Paris). EXHIBITION HISTORY Byzantine Gallery 210 Rotation. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (October 16, 2002-October 27, 2003). Coptic Textile Rotation. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (April 12, 2016-May 22, 2017).

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.

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