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Mir Chakar Khan Rind Tomb Satgarah

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November 7, 2021
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Mirza Firuz Shah
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Architectural and Building
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Humayun 1530–1556

Mir Chakar Khan Rind Tomb Satgarah

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Satgarah Walled City is one of the oldest and most beautiful examples of Mughal architectural styles built in the mid-1500s in Mughal Emperor Humayun’s reign as the area of Satgarah was rewarded by Humayun to Mir Chakar. 


Mir Chakar Khan Rind (Chakar-e-Azam) was a Baloch chieftain in the 15th century and considered as a folk hero of the Baloch people and the most important figure in the Baloch epic ‘Hani’ and ‘Sheh Mureed’.In the 15th century, Mir Chakar Khan Rind became the first ruler of Baluchistan and established the first Kingdom of Balochistan. Today he lies buried inSatgarah about 80 kilometers from Lahore (Okara District). 


Mir Chakar Khan, the Baloch chieftain of Rind tribe, left Balochistan after incessant feuds with Lashari tribe and settled in the precincts of present day Okara in 1518 and used the place as a foothold for his campaigning against the then rulers of Multan. He cooperated with Mughal emperor Humayun against Sher Shah Soori and gained power in the area. He is said to have built a fort and a mosque near the existing Satgarah village.


Locals believe the site was used as a Baloch graveyard and Mir Chakar Khan was buried there in 1565. Later in 1830, Maharaja Ranjeet Singh, during his own wars for Multan, built a fort on the site of Baloch graveyard. He demolished the roof of Mir's tomb, desecrated the grave and used it as one of the bastion for his fort. The Sikh fort still stands, but in a dilapidated condition. The tomb was got excavated and restored in 1960 by the then Multan commissioner, Atta Muhammad Khan Leghari, and was given in the custody of archaeology department. Despite having been restored in 2007 again under the supervision of a provincial committee, it is still in a dilapidated condition. The plastering and other improvements brought about then did not follow the original scheme damaging the architectural and historical value of the monument. Work was also restricted to the tomb then with no attention paid to Sikh era fort or the site of Mir's citadel. Satgarah village seems to be built haphazardly in and around the fort and consists of fortification wall built by brick tiles and old houses.

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.

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