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Muhammad Shah in a Palanquin

June 30, 1730
Mirza Firuz Shah
Muhammad Shah 1720–1748




The litter or Palanquin is a class of wheelless vehicles, a type of human-powered transport, for the transport of persons. Smaller litters may take the form of open chairs or beds carried by two or more carriers, some being enclosed for protection from the elements. Larger litters, for example those of the Chinese emperors, may resemble small rooms upon a platform borne upon the shoulders of a dozen or more people. To most efficiently carry a litter, porters either place the carrying poles directly upon their shoulders or use a yoke to transfer the load from the carrying poles to the shoulders. Attributed to: Chitarman (Indian, active about 1715–1760) Indian, Mughal Mughal period About 1730–40 Object Place: Northern India MEDIUM/TECHNIQUE Opaque watercolor and gold on paper DIMENSIONS Overall: 38.6 x 43.4cm (15 3/16 x 17 1/16in.) ACCESSION NUMBER 26.283 Asia CLASSIFICATIONS Paintings PROVENANCE 1926, sold by Ganeshi Lall and Son, Agra, India, to the MFA for $390. (Accession Date: December 2, 1926)


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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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