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Mussooree and the Dhoon from Landour

May 4, 1836
Mohammed Abdulkarim
Scenery and Places
Akbar Shah ll


The above image is found from the book The Indian Empire Illustrated, The London Printing and Publishing Company Limited.

Leaving Hurdwar, the traveller may proceed up the valley of the Dhoon to the village of Rajpoor, at the foot of the secondary chain of the Himalaya, Part of the road con¬ ducts him through a thick forest of lofty trees, among which will be found the rhododen¬ dron in full bloom : the underwood is composed of richly flowering plants, and the air laden with the fragrance of the corunda, whose white starry blossoms are redolent with perfume. In some places the road forms itself into an avenue, the branches of the trees meeting overhead. In this beautiful valley, part of which is watered by a clear stream shaded by alders, the turf is enlivened by the amaranth, a bright scarlet and pink flower, and several species of the ranunculus* There are also found large bushes of sage springing from a carpet of thyme, which gives out its aromatic odour to every breeze.

The town of Deyrah, in this valley, is the station of the Goorka battalion of hill- rangers, whose faithful and energetic services through the war of the sepoy revolt, has beeu frequently and justly acknowledged by every commander under whom they have fought. It has long been selected for the residence of the political agent of the province, and has many advantages to boast of* Deyrah is celebrated fur a temple, sacred to the memory of a Hindoo devotee by whom it was founded; but the chief claim of tins individual to favourable recollection, arises from the fact of his having constructed a handsome stone tank, which occupies au acre of ground, and is an ornamental as well as useful boon to the inhabitants.

The ascent from Deyrah to Rajpoor is so gradual as to be hardly perceptible; but from the latter place it becomes more abrupt, the road winding along the sides of precipices of the most romantic character, craggy with rocks, and richly clothed with trees that descend to the bottom of deep and almost unfathomable ravines, through which, however, the ear can detect the sound of gushing ivaters, as they pursue their course through channels impervious to the eye of man.

Itajpoor is an exceedingly pretty village, sufficiently elevated to admit of a dear and unobstructed view of the ever-beautiful Dhoon : near it are some natural curiosities worth visiting, one being the dripping rock of Sliansa Dhare, Prom a precipitous height of overhanging cliff a stream descends in perpetual showers of crystal, each drop pro¬ ducing a petrifaction : and the cliff being worn away by the continual action of the water, assumes a cavernous appearance, formed entirely of spar. In this natural temple a Brahmin has erected an altar, dedicated to Mahadeo (the Great God*) Opposite to this, in another direction, is a spring containing a large proportion of sulphureous particles, rising out of a mass of limestone, and tinging the adjacent stones with its colouring matter* At Mala Pani, in the vicinity, is a monument erected to the memory of General Gillespie and the officers who fell before the fortress of Kalunga, in the Goorka war of 1815

The summit of the ridge on which Raj pore is situated, is elevated 8,000 feet above the level of the sea, and from its utmost height a glorious burst of landscape is presented; the plains below stretching far and wide, hounded on either side by the Jumna and the Ganges, which, at a distance of forty miles apart, pursue their tortuous career until their silvery traces are lost in the meeting skies. After winding for several hundred miles in a south-easterly direction, these beautiful rivers unite—the Jumna throwing itself into the Ganges at Allahabad; thus enclosing an extensive tract of country, called the Dooah, which, by their fertilising waters, is rendered one of the most productive districts in India

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.


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