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Palace Women Enjoy Music by the Side of a Water Cascade

December 31, 1779
Shah Alam II 1759–1806

Palace Women Enjoy Music by the Side of a Water Cascade



Palace Women Enjoy Music by the Side of a Water Cascade c. 1780 Northern India, Himachal Pradesh, Pahari Kingdom of Guler Gum tempera, gold and silver on paper Page: 29.6 x 20.6 cm (11 5/8 x 8 1/8 in.); Image: 24.1 x 16 cm (9 1/2 x 6 5/16 in.) Purchase and partial gift from the Catherine and Ralph Benkaim Collection; Severance and Greta Millikin Purchase Fund 2018.105 DID YOU KNOW? One woman is gently washing the right foot of the lady. This composition is based on a Mughal painting. DESCRIPTION Sitting by an artificial cascade in a palace, a woman smokes a hookah and enjoys a music performance with her attendants. She raises her left hand in appreciation of the musicians and turns toward a companion (sakhi) who also shares her enthusiasm. Three attendants stand behind her—one holding a box of betel leaves, while the other two hold a fly whisk and a fan. INSCRIPTION Purple stamp reading "ON BILASPUR DAIS SERVICE". Written in pencil in a European hand: "A.Z" and "silver" PROVENANCE 1971-2001 Ralph Benkaim [1914-2001], Beverly Hills, CA, by descent to his wife Catherine Glynn Benkaim 2001-2018 Catherine Glynn Benkaim and Barbara Timmer, Beverly Hills, CA, partial sale and gift to the Cleveland Museum of Art 2018- The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH

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Ismail Mazari

average rating is null out of 5

Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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