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Section of Mirkhwand's "Rawzat al-Safa'"

December 31, 1849
The Library of Congress
Art and Calligraphy
Bahadur Shah II 1837–1857

Section of Mirkhwand's "Rawzat al-Safa'"



Notes - A page from "Rawzat al-Safa'" (The Garden of Purity), a Persian historical encyclopedia from the Timurid author Mirkhwand (d. 903/1498), written Indian Ta'liq script in the 18th-19th centuries, from Indian Shi'i regions. - Dimensions of Written Surface: 15.1 (w) x 22.7 (h) cm - The imam is described as going one day to a mountainous place where he sees a group of Christians looking for a monk (rahib) in a monastery (dayr) from which he had not exited for an entire year. Although the remaining portion of the story is lost, the last word (wa, "and") and the number 12 in the lower left corner hint that the text may have continued on a subsequent page. - The text is executed in black ta'liq typical of the 18th and 19th centuries, while the theme of its text suggests an Indian Shi'i milieu. Written diagonally on a cream-colored paper, the text panel is framed by a dark green border outlined in red and mounted to a cardboard for strengthening. - This fragment includes a section of the "Rawzat al-Safa'" (The Garden of Purity), a Persian historical encyclopedia composed by the prolific Timurid author Mirkhwand (d. 903/1498). This particular excerpt begins with an invocation to God as the Glorified (huwa al-'aziz) and then relates a particular episode in the life of the seventh Shi'i imam Musa b. Ja'far al-Kazim (d. 183/799). - Script: Indian ta'liq - 1-88-154.25 Medium 1 volume ; 18.4 (w) x 29.1 (h) cm Repository Library of Congress African and Middle Eastern Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Digital Id Library of Congress Control Number 2019714674 Online Format image LCCN Permalink Additional Metadata Formats MARCXML Record MODS Record Dublin Core Record IIIF Presentation Manifest Manifest (JSON/LD)

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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