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Wajid Ali Shah ( The last Nawab of Awadh )

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April 4, 2023
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Mirza Firuz Shah
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Bahadur Shah II 1837–1857

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                                                               Wajid Ali Shah

💬 Tarikh Haidar was given the events and his Ameer Hai in the meeting. The two opinions of Riya Ki Ketar Yin Anwar and Ayat Ka Imtan Fart Ferma's legends and travelers. The real walker should pay attention and strike all his moons and present the arrow of this car. It cannot be the Turkish and the main fault of this story, the treatment of Warsali Shah of this type of history can be found in Arabic Kamaluddin, the abstracts of the third and Mayo Sutra and Main. That these issues are now in the hands of everyone in America, but the government is creating some such misgivings that the bank has no idea about. Jabiya's adviser Astul-Dah has been accused of what the British did when Shah Ka Dita Nahi.

🤔 It is hoped that the intention was that the British would prove to be warm and middle-class, and the rulers of the Amir were very generous and generous. He could not take any action despite his insistence and urgency. It is possible that Keti would have held power over India and the new resident John Lowe had managed it locally and what he had done for it was that his heart and self-righteousness had diverted the right-hand man from the way. Succeeded. 🌟 It is obvious that Vari is the history of Iranians. Sultan Ha and Id Mal Shah Burmi - 92 In the 92 days of good deeds, the real gifts of the kingdom were won, and the real gifts of the Nawabdom were bought by Arya Al-Ryan.

📜 Tarikh Haidar was given the events and his Ameer Hai in the meeting, the two opinions of Riya Ki Ketar Yin Anwar and Ayat Ka Imtan Fart Ferma's legends and travelers. The real walker should pay attention and strike all his moons and present the arrow of this car. It cannot be the Turkish and the main fault of this story, the treatment of Warsali Shah of this type of history can be found in Arabic Kamaluddin, the abstracts of the third and Mayo Sutra and Main. That these issues are now in the hands of everyone in America 🌎, but the government is creating some such misgivings that the bank has no idea about 💰. Jabiya's adviser Astul-Dah has been accused of what the British did when Shah Ka Dita Nahi. It is hoped that the intention was that the British would prove to be warm and middle-class, and the rulers of the Amir were very generous and generous. He could not take any action despite his insistence and urgency. It is possible that Keti would have held power over India and the new resident John Lowe had managed it locally and what he had done for it was that his heart and self-righteousness had diverted the right-hand man from the way. Succeeded. It is obvious that Vari is the history of Iranians 🇮🇷. Sultan Ha and Id Mal Shah Burmi - 92 In the 92 days of good deeds, the real gifts of the kingdom were won, and the real gifts of the kingdom were bought by Arya Al-Ryan.

👑 Mirza Rajah Ali Khan ascended the throne at the age of 23, and Abu Mansoor Sikandar adopted the title of Nawab Adil Qaiser Zaman Sultan Alam Wajid Ali Shah 👑. From the third day of the procession, Wajid Ali Shah showed interest in the affairs of the kingdom, paying special attention to the decoration of the palace, improving government management, recruiting soldiers, and enhancing the city's infrastructure with the help of the army. However, the British had no intention of leaving Oudh alone. In 1838, Lord Dalhousie became the Governor-General of India and planned to remove Wajid Ali Shah's rule from Bahadur Shah Zafarad Ad Radar in Delhi and impose English rule. Under this plan, he appointed Colonel Dubloe as Resident of Oudh, replacing Colonel Raymond. On January 11, 1849, Suleiman began working as the Resident of Oudh. Although Suleiman suggested that he be appointed as the Resident of Rajputana, Dalhousie had set his sights on conquering Oudh and was unwilling to send Muslims to Rajputana. The whole situation is evident from the letter he wrote.

👑 Despite being the son of Nawab Nasir-ud-Daula Mulla Ali Khan, the younger brother of Ghazi-ud-din Haider, the children of Nasir-ud-din Haider was neglected. Muhammad Ali Shah Syed Muhammad Naqwi (69168) succeeded to the throne after the death of Ghazi-ud-din Haider. However, he only reigned for five years and died on 14 July 42 MA. After his demise, Jah Amjad Ali Khan Bahadur considered his son Hyder unfit to rule and replaced him with his friend Mirza Wajid Ali Khan. Mirza Wajid Ali Khan was later succeeded by Amjad Ali Shah, who appointed his eldest son Mustafa Ali as the crown prince and gave him the title of Abu Nasur Sikandar Jah Sulaiman Khashm Sahib

👑 It was not only a tragedy but also the darkest period in the history of India. The permanent empire was taking its last breaths and the reign of Et Anthia Kenny was about to be read or passed. The small and big rajas had become so powerful by fighting with each other that they did not even have the courage to take any effective action against the company. Even the government here would have died if it was in their control. In such circumstances, Mohammad Ali Shah, the grandfather of the late Ali Shah, considered the throne as the government, although before that, the British were ready to persuade Akhiruddin Haider to attach Urdu to the divine staff of the dog, according to Sabat al-Qawi. The question of adding Qasir-ul-Madan Mandir to His Majesty and O'Dowi under the authority of Kisi was under Muhammad. that Lord Tarnam Bating was about to retire as Governor-General or the Durakh of the people of Ora.

👑 If the throne were to be given to Sakhan, it might be easier to fulfill the remaining conditions. Only Muhammad Mehdi Maman's son Nasiruddin Shah is excluded, and this refers to Ghaziuddin Haider's grandson Mohsini-ud-Daula and his nephew Mehini Nawab.

👑 Mirza Rajah Ali Khan ascended the throne at the age of 23, and Abu Mansoor Sikandar adopted the title of Nawab Adil Qaiser Zaman Sultan Alam Wajid Ali Shah. From the third day of the procession, Wajid Ali Shah showed interest in the affairs of the kingdom, paying special attention to the decoration of the palace, improving government management, recruiting soldiers, and enhancing the city's infrastructure with the help of the army. However, the British had no intention of leaving Oudh alone. In 1838, Lord Dalhousie became the Governor-General of India and planned to remove Wajid Ali Shah's rule from Bahadur Shah Zafarad Ad Radar in Delhi and impose English rule. Under this plan, he appointed Colonel Dubloe as Resident of Oudh, replacing Colonel Raymond. On January 11, 1849, Suleiman began working as the Resident of Oudh. Although Suleiman suggested that he be appointed as the Resident of Rajputana, Dalhousie had set his sights on conquering Oudh and was unwilling to send Muslims to Rajputana. The whole situation is evident from the letter he wrote.

👑 Despite being the son of Nawab Nasir-ud-Daula Mulla Ali Khan, the younger brother of Ghazi-ud-din Haider, the children of Nasir-ud-din Haider was neglected. Muhammad Ali Shah Syed Muhammad Naqwi (69168) succeeded to the throne after the death of Ghazi-ud-din Haider. However, he only reigned for five years and died on 14 July 42 MA. After his demise, Jah Amjad Ali Khan Bahadur considered his son Hyder unfit to rule and replaced him with his friend Mirza Wajid Ali Khan. Mirza Wajid Ali Khan was later succeeded by Amjad Ali Shah, who appointed his eldest son Mustafa Ali as the crown prince and gave him the title of Abu Nasur Sikandar Jah Sulaiman Khashm Sahib Alam Bahadar and entrusted him with the portfolio of service.

👑 The British did not approve of this announcement by Muhammad Ali Shah, and through Mustafa Ali Khan, they were hoping to fulfill their plans. Meanwhile, Mirza Raj During this three-and-a-half-year tour until 1950 🚶‍♂️🗓️, Muslims 🕌👳‍♂️ visited various places such as Bahraya, Bagpur, Balrampur, Gorakhpur, Faizabad, Salta Noor Bhari, Rampur, Sui Sitapur, Udkal, Mahmoodabad, Tampur, etc. A report 📝📚 was prepared in two volumes and sent to the Governor General, which highlighted the weakness of the government, the rebelliousness of landlords, false stories of terror and atrocities, and complaints from Ramaya, among other issues. Wajid Ali Shah opposed the visit as he believed that it could lead to incidents that could lead to the seizure of the kingdom and the overthrow of the Nawab. Many incidents were far from the truth and brought the Nawab into disrepute. He also blamed agricultural production, but three weeks later, he himself admitted that a large part of Oudh produced so much that it exceeded the Company's borders. Wajid Ali Shah tried to clear his name and his government, but the Governor General did not accept any of his excuses. Despite Wajid Ali Shah's illness for a year in 1849 and his subsequent inability to recover, he was accused of neglecting the government. In December 1851, Lord Dalhousie inspected the English garrison at Fatehgarh, but Wajid Ali Shah's request to meet him in Lucknow was refused. Before the Resident met the Governor-General at Fateh Kodh, he sent another report 📜📝 on the Government of Oudh, stating that the Nawab's idleness had led to the destruction of his military camp and the depletion of all treasure 💰. If this matter was brought up by the Resident, it was due to the lack of rupees. The Wajid Ali Shah government started collecting evidence against him but could not manage it from 1839 to 1856. As soon as Colonel Sulaiman arrived, he started to intervene directly in the government of Oudh, following Dalhousie's orders. He presented several reports 📋 accusing Wajid Ali Shah of being incapable of managing the government and that there was no government in place. Colonel Sulaiman began to remove the ministers of the Oroha's court whom he did not consider compatible with him or as helpers of the Nawab. In order to humiliate the Nawab, he ordered the removal of the word "Ghazi'' from the seal bearing his name. Colonel Sulaiman actively worked to defame the Nawab and destroy his reputation among the subjects of Oudh. The Muslims' attitude towards the Nawab and his ministers increased their enmity. Colonel Sulaiman took another step to prove Wajid Ali's ineffectiveness by touring the entire state. For the next five years, Jhang managed the government. On January 20, 1856, Bes Oram arrived in Lucknow as a resident, accompanied by a large English army. On February 1, 1856, Oram met with the Nawab and informed him of the annexation policy of the Governor General. He mentioned that the Governor General received Rs. 12 lakh per annum for personal expenses and appointed a student for the profession. He also stated that now the management of Malik Mahrosa would be according to the constitution of Sir Kenny, and all previous covenants were canceled. Oram proposed a modern covenant with a few provisions and asked the Nawab to agree and abide by it with his consent. The proposal caused uproar in the city and was widely criticized. On February 3, Oram

 👑 Oram tried hard to get the Nawab to seal the agreement and give up self-government so that the flag of principle of the British government could be raised before the world. But he could not succeed in this in the most peaceful way in the history of the world. 😔

👑 No Nawab would have left his throne for the welfare of his subjects and with as strong a philanthropic spirit as Wajid Ali Shah did. 👏 💥 The war of 1857 proved that if the Nawab had decided to fight, the British could not have easily captured Makhana. 💪🚶‍♂️ On March 12, 1857, Wajid Ali Shah departed from Lucknow and traveled to Calcutta, passing through Newar, Allahabad, and Benares, among other places. He arrived in Calcutta in 1856 and settled in Qiaburn. Initially, the Shah had planned to go to the province himself, but his health deteriorated and the plan had to be changed. 🏥 👑 Queen Kishor's queenship caused concern among the doctors, who forbade him from taking a sea voyage. As a result, the Nawab's mother, along with his brother Mirza Sikandar Hashmat (who was the Nawab of Nile), Prince Had Ali, Buri Masihuddin Ka's Korvi, Akhtar Alam Shah, and Bahar Nisa, among others, left for England on February 21, 1857. The convoy also met London Victoria on August 2, 1856, which was a promising event. 🛳️ 😢 However, shortly after, the 1857 war broke out in India, and Kishore went to Paris. Unfortunately, a few of them fell ill and passed away on February 21, 1857.

💔 👑 After his mother's demise, Mirza Iskandar Astan also traveled to London and went to Beyar. He died on March 8, 1857. His body was brought from London to Paris and buried next to his mother. Following this, his daughter Waqar Ara Begum also passed away. They also went to France for the pilgrimage of the Holy Mother, while the remaining people of the caravan returned to India, unmarried and widowed. 😢 🚪 Wajid Ali Shah was imprisoned on June 15 upon hearing the news of the 1857 battles and was sent to Fort Waseem. He was released after two years, in July 1859, and sent back to MatiaBurj. 👀 💰 Up until this point, Wajid Ali Shah had yet to accept the British offer of twelve lakh rupees per annum. Despite his financial problems, he was not willing to accept the offer. However, a few advisers convinced him that Jahan Panah has never been taken away from the country. The Nawab finally accepted the English proposals and withdrew the suit filed in London. The British found the Shah unarmed.

💸 👑 For the next five years, Wajid Ali Shah managed his government. 🏰 On January 20, 1856, Bes Oram arrived in Lucknow with a large English army as the resident. 📜 On February 1, 1856, Oram met the Nawab and informed him of the Governor General's annexation policy. 💰 Oram stated that the Governor General received Rs. 12 lahks per annum for his personal expenses and appointed a student for the profession. 📜 The management of Malik Mahrosa would now be according to the constitution of Sir Kenny, and all previous covenants were canceled. 🤝 Oram proposed that the Nawab agree to the modern covenant with a few provisions and abide by it with his consent. ❌ This proposal was met with disapproval and sparked protests throughout the city. 📜 On February 3rd, Oram presented the Governor General's letter to the Nawab once again and informed him that everyone had agreed to it. 🏰 However, the British announced the confiscation of the government in 1856, which Wajid Ali Shah refused to accept. 🛡️ He decided to go to London to complain about this cruelty and injustice.

💪 Wajid Ali Shah's decision to leave his throne for the welfare of his subjects demonstrated strong philanthropy. 🗡️ If the Nawab had chosen to fight, the British would not have easily captured Makhana, as demonstrated by the events of the 1857 war. 🚶‍♂️ On March 12, 1857, Wajid Ali Shah left Lucknow for Calcutta, passing through places such as Newar, Allahabad, and Benares. 🏰 He reached Calcutta in 1856 and settled in Qila Burn.

🤕 Initially, the Shah had planned to travel to the province himself, but his health deteriorated and the plan was canceled. 👩‍👧‍👦 Due to Queen Kishor's queenship and the doctor's advice against a sea voyage, the Nawab's mother, brother, and several other people left for England, totaling one hundred and forty people. 🌉 On August 2, 1856, the group arrived in London and had a promising start, but shortly after, the 1857 war broke out in India. 🗼 As a result, Kishore went to Paris, where some members of the group fell ill and passed away, including Kishore herself on February 21, 1857. 📝 Mirza Iskandar Astan passed away in Beyar on March 8, 1857, and was buried in Paris next to his mother. 😔 Wajid Ali Shah's daughter Waqar Ara Begum also passed away while they were in France for the pilgrimage. 👼 After being imprisoned on June 15, 1857, Wajid Ali Shah was released after two years in July 1859 and sent back to MatiaBurj. 💪 He eventually accepted the British proposals and withdrew the suit filed in London, despite not accepting the offer of twelve lakh rupees per annum initially. 💰 After ten years of ruling and twenty-one years of exile in Calcutta, Nawab Wajid Ali Shah passed away on September 21, 1887. 🙏 His legacy as a great political leader and writer lives on. 📚 📜 Today, there is a debate about the legacy of Wajid Ali Shah in Indian history. 🏰 He was closely associated with the literary schools of his time and wrote extensively on the events of the Oudh government. 🖋️ His contributions to Urdu prose cannot be denied, and his life sheds light on the social and political landscape of the United States. 🌅 Despite his virtues and goodness, he fell victim to British oppression in 1857, a pivotal moment in Indian history. 🔍 It is important to remember his life and contributions to Urdu literature. 📚 Some of the notable Urdu prose genres he introduced are "This is a pain for all the world. They hear that you are mine," "The Maharaja will have authority, but that authority will be as God has given creation. He kept everything under his control," and "What has defamed man?" Source: Allah's Ghalib Nama, New Delhi, January 1981, p. 3, Pandit Sunderlal Havashi: Urdu Maali Shah's Urdu Maali 1370, Self-isolation 93.

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.

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