top of page

The Heri-Rud and Murghab Rivers and Intermediate Territory from Merv to Herat. During Mughal Emperor Babur II 1881-1920

Mirza Firuz Shah
Babur II 1881-1920
Stacked Wooden Logs


The city of Herat and the adjoining region of Badghis were part of the territory to which the Qajar dynasty of Persia was forced to relinquish its claims following the Anglo--Persian War of 1856--57. Under the terms of 1857 Treaty of Paris, the Persians were compelled to withdraw from Herat, leaving the city under Afghan control. Britain's interest in Herat was linked to the intense rivalry between it and Russia in what has come to be known as the Great Game. The object of this rivalry was the control of Central Asia. The annexation of Merv by imperial Russia in 1884 sent waves of concern reverberating throughout the British Empire.

The British feared that from Merv the Russians had gained new access to British India via the Hari Rud valley and the city of Herat. The map depicts the Badghis region and surrounding areas stretching from the Merv oasis in the north to Herat in the south, an area of great strategic concern for the British in 1885. The map was compiled from a survey conducted by the Afghan Boundary Commission, a joint British and Russian body, and was published in 1885 by the Royal Geographical Society in London. The scale is given in miles and versts, a Russian unit of measurement equal to 1.07 kilometers.

Afghan Boundary Commission Contributor.
Royal Geographical Society (Great Britain) Associated Name.
Russia. General Staff. Military Topography Directorate Contributor.
Sharbau, Henry, 1822-1904 Cartographer.
Weller, Edward, died 1884 Lithographer.

Created / Published
[place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1885.

- Afghanistan
- Turkmenistan
- Uzbekistan
- 1885
- Afghan Boundary Commission
- Expeditions and surveys
- Hari Rud (Afghanistan)
- Library of Congress Afghanistan Project
- Murgab River (Afghanistan and Turkmenistan)
- Territorial questions

- Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- "Scale about 1:800,000"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
- Original resource extent: 1 map : color ; 53 x 28 centimeters.
- Original resource at: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries.
- Content in English.
- Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

1 online resource.

Source Collection
American Geographical Society Library Digital Map Collection

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

Online Format
compressed data

LCCN Permalink

Additional Metadata Formats
MODS Record
Dublin Core Record

IIIF Presentation Manifest
Manifest (JSON/LD)

Rate This BookDon’t love itNot greatGoodGreatLove itRate This Book

Your content has been submitted

Post Comment
Ratings & Review
Click To Close Comment Box
Click To Post Your Comment
Show Reviews

Ismail Mazari

average rating is null out of 5

Very good information.

average rating is null out of 5

Shah Sharaf Barlas

average rating is null out of 5

If possible anyone have shijra family tree of Mughal Barlas traib of Attock Pakistan please share with me.


The Mughal Maps takes you back to a historical time of different eras, where you can see historical events based on the map and location of the event with all the details of the area of that time. You can add your maps to The Mughal Library here.

Mughal Library brings readers of our history and related subjects on one platform. our goal is to share knowledge between researchers and students in a friendly environment.

bottom of page