Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh - Mulla Abd al-Qadir Badayuni - Urdu Translation By Mahmood Ahmed Farooqi
Mirza Firuz Shah
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Akbar III 1948-2012
Subject Year (Time):
Mulla Abd al-Qadir Badayuni
Publisher & Place:
Sheikh Ghulam Ali & Sons Private Ltd Publishers
Royal Mughal Ref:
Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh (منتخب التواریخ) or Tarikh-i-Bada'uni (تاریخ بداؤنی), Selection of Chronicles by `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni (1540–1605) is a work of early Mughal history of India, covering the period from the days of the Ghaznavids down to the fortieth regnal year of Mughal Emperor Akbar.
Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh is a general history of the Muslims in India from Sabuktigin to 1595, commenced in 1590 followed by biographies of shaykhs, scholars, physicians and poets. `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni began writing this history in the first half of 1590.
The book was completed in October 1595. Its comprises on the 618 solar year's historic events. Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh is based largely on Khawaja Nīzām-ud-Din Ahmad Sirhindi's Tabakāt-i-Akbar Shāhi (also known as Tabakāt-i-Akbari), with characteristic asides by `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni.
This work in three volumes is a general History of the Muslims of India. The first volume contains historic accounts about the rulers and kings of Ghaznavids, Ghurid dynasty, Mamluk Dynasty (Delhi), Babur and Humayun. It records the history of India from the coronation of Sabuktigin, founder of Ghaznavids Empire (A.D 977) down to the death of Mughal Emperor Humayun (24 January 1556). The second volume covers the first forty years of Mughal Emperor Akbar's reign from 14 February 1556 to October 1595. Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni was Eye-witness of Akbar's era. This volume is an unusually frank and critical account of Akbar's administrative measures, particularly regarding religion and his conduct. This volume was kept concealed till Akbar's death and was published after Jahangir's accession (approximately in 1605). The third part contains the biographical accounts of the Saints, Poets and men of letters who were either known to him, or were attached to the court of Akbar. The accounts relate to 38 Shaykhs (religious leaders), 69 scholars, 15 philosophers, physicians and 67 poets.
The work is noted for its hostile comments on Akbar's religious activities. Its existence was apparently kept secret until at least the tenth year of Jahangir's reign (1615). When Mullā 'Abd al-Bāķī Nahawandī, author of Ma'āthir-i- Rahimī, did not know of it when he completed his work in 1616. According to Shaykh Muhammad Baķā Sahāranpūrī, author of Mir'āt al-'Ālam, composed in 1667, said `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni's children asserted to Jahangir that they did not know of the existence of the work.
The first Persian language text of this book was published in 1864 from Lucknow, but it's not available now. The second printed edition of the text of this work was published by the College Press, Calcutta in 1865 and later this work was translated into English by G.S.A. Ranking (Vol.I), W.H. Lowe (Vol.II) and T.W. Haig (Vol.III) (published by the Asiatic Society, Calcutta between 1884-1925 as a part of their Bibliotheca Indiaca series).
Maulavi Ehtisham-ud-Din Muradabadi was first who translate it in Urdu, was published by Munshi Navalkishore's Press, Lucknow in 1889.
Abd-Shukur ibn Sheikh Abdul-Wāseī Thattahvi wrote abstract version of this book in Persian language.
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Very good information.
Shah Sharaf Barlas
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