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Bahadur Shah Zafar : calligraphy (1)

Mirza Firuz Shah
Art and Calligraphy
Bahadur Shah II 1837–1857

Bahadur Shah Zafar - Mughal Library



Arabic calligraphy of Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal Emperor (r. 1837-1857), c. 1850. The talented Zafar, according to one observer, “was discussed in every house,” for “the Emperor himself was a poet and a connoisseur of poetry” and “the language of the exalted fort was the essence of refinement.” Zafar was also known for his skills as a gardener, a patron of miniatures, and a calligrapher.


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The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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