December 31, 1909
Mirza Firuz Shah
Architectural and Building
Babur II 1881-1920



Ciragan Palace, located between Istanbul, Beşiktaş and Ortaköy, was built by the grand vizier of the Tulip Era Damad İbrahim Pasha and his wife Fatma Sultan.

The palace, which was repaired during the reigns of Sultan Mahmud I and Selim III, was demolished to be rebuilt by Sultan Abdulmecid, and its reconstruction was only realized during the reign of Sultan Abdulaziz Han (1864). The palace was used by Sultan Murad the Fifth and his family for a long time, and later it was allocated as the National Assembly building. The palace was destroyed within five hours in a fire that broke out in the upper part of the National Assembly hall on January 20, 1910. Firefighters were helpless in the face of the flames fueled by the strong winds blowing; The priceless antiques in the building, some collections of Sultan Abdulhamid II, the private library of Sultan Murad the Fifth, some confidential documents and the minutes of the first National Assembly could not be saved from the fire. It is also recorded that this fire was started by the Unionists.

Mughal Library