Diamond and Seed Pearl Necklace
July 10, 2023
Jahangir II 1920-1948
The Peacock Throne was indeed one of the most opulent and valuable thrones in history, and it was adorned with the Koh-i-Noor diamond during the reigns of several Mughal emperors. The Koh-i-Noor diamond holds a significant historical and cultural importance.
The Peacock Throne was commissioned by Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor, in 1628. It was a grand throne made of gold and encrusted with precious stones, including diamonds, rubies, emeralds, and sapphires. The Koh-i-Noor, which means "Mountain of Light" in Persian, was one of the most prominent gems adorning the throne.
Over the years, the Koh-i-Noor diamond witnessed the reigns of many Mughal emperors, including Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah I, Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat, Nikusiyar, Muhammad Ibrahim, and Muhammad Shah 'Rangila.' These rulers held power while sitting atop the Peacock Throne, with the Koh-i-Noor as a dazzling centerpiece.
However, the Peacock Throne and the Koh-i-Noor diamond were lost in 1739 during the invasion of Delhi by Nader Shah of Persia. Nader Shah's forces looted and plundered the Mughal Empire's capital, including the Peacock Throne and its precious gemstones. The Koh-i-Noor was among the treasures taken by Nader Shah, and it became part of the Persian treasury.
From there, the Koh-i-Noor diamond had a turbulent history, passing through the hands of various rulers and empires. It eventually ended up in the possession of the British East India Company in 1849 when they annexed the Punjab region of India. The diamond was presented to Queen Victoria and became part of the British Crown Jewels.
Since then, the Koh-i-Noor diamond has remained in the Tower of London and has been a prominent part of British regalia. Its ownership has been a subject of contention between India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, as they all claim historical and cultural ties to the diamond. However, the British government has maintained that the diamond was obtained legally and will remain in the British monarchy's possession.
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Very good information.