ID (FEAST DAY) PRAYER FOR GOOD FORTUNE

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December 31, 1849
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Agha Muhammad 'Ali
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Art and Calligraphy
Bahadur Shah II 1837–1857

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Subject Headings
- Calligraphy, Arabic
- Calligraphy, Persian
- Manuscripts, Persian--Washington (D.C.)
- India
- Calligraphy, Indian
- Arabic script calligraphy
- Illuminated Islamic manuscripts
- Indian naskh
- Islamic calligraphy
- Islamic manuscripts
Notes
- Two bayts (verses) wishing prosperity on the occasion of an 'id (Nowruz), written in Indian naskh script by calligrapher Agha Muhammad 'Ali in India.
- Dimensions of Written Surface: 17.9 (w) x 32.9 (h) cm
- 'id shud jashn-i nu mubarak bad / taj-i dawlat tura bi-tarak bad / hafiz u nasirat bi-har du jahan / sura-yi fath ba tabarak bad
- In the lower left corner appears the calligrapher's signature, which reads: mashaqahu al-faqir (written by the poor) Agha Muhammad 'Ali (or Muhammad 'Ali Agha). Part of the signature -- along with the last word (bad) of the poem's final verse -- has been filled in later, since a part of the original calligraphy was lost or damaged.
- In this prayer probably written for the celebration of the New Year ('Id-i Noruz), a patron is wished protection through two Qur'anic chapters, namely Surat al-Fath (Victory, Qur'an 48) and Surat Tabarak (Blessing), otherwise known as Surat al-Mulk (The Kingdom, Qur'an 67). These two verses of the Qur'an are known for their apotropaic and pro