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Jal Mahal at Narnaul, Haryana, India

December 31, 1589
Mirza Firuz Shah
Architectural and Building
Akbar 1556–1605

Jal Mahal at Narnaul, Haryana, India



The Jal Mahal, also known as the Jal Mahal of Narnaul or the Water Palace, is a late 16th century palace, fortification, and artificial lake located in Narnaul, Haryana. Built by a Mughal governor of Narnaul, the structure currently serves as a tourist attraction. This is a double-storeyed structure, picturesquely situated amidst a large tank (Ulus. XV &. 48). The only approach to the Mahal is across a cause way on arches, after passing through a simple gateway to the north. The building is a square of I7 m. side, comprising a central square room of 5.9 m. side having 3.9 m. deep verandah on all the four sides, There is a double storeyed square room of 2,5 m. side in each comer The parapet is marked by a deep chhajja. At each comer of the building is installed a square cupola supported on octagonal sandstone pillars. In the centre of the roof is an octagonal platform, approached by steps and covered with a large cupola. It was used perhaps to sit on and to enjoy the cool air and the vista of the tank. The Jal Mahal was built in 1590 AD by Shah Quli Khan, a member of the nobility of the Mughal empire and the governor of Narnaul. Khan was a protegee of Bairam Khan, an important official in the Mughal court and one-time regent of the empire. He was also a successful military commander who served in the Mughal army under Akbar the Great. The campaigns of Akbar to conquer northern India made Khan wealthy, and the commander distinguished himself by wounding the Suri general Hemu at the Second Battle of Panipat. In gratitude for Khan's service, Akbar granted him titles, wealth, and appointed him as the governor of Narnaul. In addition to being a competent military leader, Khan was a noted architectural patron. Upon being appointed governor, he began a series of construction projects in Narnaul; these projects, the first of which was a tomb (built 1574-75) for himself, are described as being of a "personal sort" and as being different from some of his projects elsewhere in India; furthermore, Khan's projects were noteworthy enough to be recorded in contemporary Mughal texts. 15 years after completing his tomb, Khan began to construct a new palace in Narnaul; this structure became what is now the Jal Mahal. Khan began by creating a square artificial lake (often described as a tank or reservoir) with an island in the center; this lake was intended to form a "second Kausar" (the Pond of Abundance in Muslim paradise) for the palace's occupants. Khan then ordered the construction of a fortified gateway on the northern edge of the lake. Following this, a causeway was built out into the center of the reservoir, where a foundation was laid and a palace built. The construction of the Jal Mahal, its gate, and the lake took 2-3 years. The palace itself was decorated in the style of other Mughal palaces and pavilions; the structure was adorned with art and carvings, including inscriptions that celebrated Khan's famous victory over Hemu. In terms of area, the compound encompasses 11 acres. In the centuries after its completion, the palace's pool gradually filled with earth. This debris was cleared in the late 20th century and the lake restored. To Read More Visit This Book Link Mughal Library

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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