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Kundan Meenakari Hasli Necklace Set

July 11, 2023
Jahangir II 1920-1948



       During the Mughal period in India, Kundan Meenakari jewelry, including hasli necklace sets, reached the pinnacle of craftsmanship and became highly popular among the nobility and royal courts. Here are some additional details regarding Kundan Meenakari hasli necklace sets during the Mughal era:


      Influence of the Mughal Empire: The Mughal emperors, such as Akbar, Jahangir, and Shah Jahan, were great patrons of the arts, including jewelry-making. The Mughal influence can be seen in the design elements, motifs, and techniques employed in Kundan Meenakari jewelry of that time.


      Kundan Technique: Kundan jewelry-making during the Mughal period involved setting uncut, polished gemstones, such as diamonds, rubies, emeralds, and pearls, in a framework of pure gold. The gemstones were carefully arranged within the Kundan setting and held in place by thin strips of gold called "chatons." This intricate process required the expertise of highly skilled craftsmen.


      Meenakari Technique: Meenakari enameling was another prominent feature of Mughal Kundan jewelry. The enameling process involved adding vibrant colors to the gold surface by filling engraved patterns with powdered glass. The colored enamels were then fired in a furnace to achieve a smooth and glossy finish. The Meenakari work in Mughal Kundan jewelry often showcased intricate floral motifs, paisley designs, and geometric patterns.


       Royal Designs and Symbolism: Mughal Kundan Meenakari hasli necklace sets were characterized by their grandeur and opulence. The designs incorporated elaborate floral motifs, intricate filigree work, and delicate lace-like patterns. The jewelry pieces often depicted birds, animals, and nature-inspired elements. Additionally, religious and cultural symbols, such as the lotus, peacock, and paisley, were commonly used in the jewelry designs.


       Gemstone Embellishments: Gemstones played a crucial role in Mughal Kundan Meenakari jewelry. Diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and pearls were used abundantly to add brilliance and splendor to the pieces. The gemstones were carefully selected, cut, and polished to enhance their natural beauty and radiance.


        Royalty and Nobility: Mughal Kundan Meenakari hasli necklace sets were predominantly worn by members of the Mughal royal family, aristocrats, and nobility. These exquisite jewelry pieces served as a symbol of wealth, status, and power. They were often worn on special occasions, including royal weddings, court festivities, and celebrations.


       The Mughal period significantly influenced the art of Kundan Meenakari jewelry, including hasli necklace sets. The craftsmanship, attention to detail, and use of precious gemstones and enamels during this era continue to inspire the creation of Kundan Meenakari jewelry in contemporary times, showcasing the enduring legacy of Mughal aesthetics and skill.

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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