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Madrasa Ghaziuddin Khan : The oldest School of Hindustan

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December 7, 1690
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Mirza Firuz Shah
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Architectural and Building
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Aurangzeb 1658–1707

Madrasa Ghaziuddin Khan : The oldest School of Hindustan

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It was initially founded by Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung , a general of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, a leading Deccan commander and the father of Qamar-ud-din Khan, Asaf Jah I, the founder of the Asaf Jahi dynasty of Hyderabad, also known as the first Nizam of Hyderabad, in 1690s, and was originally termed Madrasa Ghaziuddin Khan after him. However, with a weakening Mughal Empire, the Madrasa closed in the early 1790s, but with the support of local nobility, an oriental college for literature, science and art, was established at the site in 1792.


It stood just outside the walled city of Delhi outside the Ajmeri Gate, close to the New Delhi Railway Station. It was originally surrounded by a wall and connected to the walled city fortifications and was referred to as the College Bastion.


It was reorganized as the 'Anglo Arabic College' by the British East India Company in 1828 to provide, in addition to its original objectives, an education in English language and literature. The object was "to uplift" educational status of the community living in vicinity.." Behind the move was Charles Trevelyan, the brother-in-law of Thomas Babingdon Macaulay the father of modern education in India also played key role in this process of educational uplift of the society".

Dr. Sprenger, then principal, presided over the founding of the college press, the Matba‘u ’l-‘Ulum and founded the first college periodical, the weekly Qiranu ’s-Sa‘dain, in 1845.


Anglo Arabic Senior Secondary School, also known as Anglo Arabic School, is located in Delhi. It is co-educational school run by the government. The college was established in 1696 by Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung I. The school is managed by Delhi Education Society. Najeeb Jung is the President of the School Managing Committee.


Now it is known as Anglo Arabic Senior Secondary School. Ghazi ud-Din Khan Feroze Jung served as the general of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. He was a foremost Deccan commander and the father of Qamar-ud-din Khan, Asaf Jah I, the founder of the Asaf Jahi dynasty of Hyderabad. The Madrasa closed in the early 1790s when the Mughal Dynasty was on the verge of declining. The college has gained much name and fame as the centre for education catering to literature, science and art. The Vernacular Translation Society, formed in 1832, would translate the best works in German, French and English to Urdu. After being closed for around seven years due to the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, the institute was reopened in 1867 as Anglo Arabic College. It later became Delhi College.


Anglo Arabic Senior Secondary School was built in the surrounding area of the New Delhi Railway Station. It was located just outside the walled city of Delhi outside the Ajmeri Gate. The college was enclosed by high walls and was connected to the walled city fortifications. It was then known as College Bastion. Later the British East India Company restructured it as the 'Anglo Arabic College' in 1828. It was done to redefine its objectives and to impart education in English language and literature. The main aim of the East India Company was to uplift the common masses and to educate the people of India. The institution was run by Charles Trevelyan, the brother-in-law of Thomas Babingdon Macaulay. Soon official secret Holy Bible classes were initiated by Rev. Jennings in Delhi College.


Anglo Arabic Senior Secondary School is adorned with minutely carved arches and beams. The elegant "jaali" work on the windows and the two cloisters enhances the looks and charm of the building. The school is one of the Asia's oldest educational institutions. During the 1830s and 40s it was the centre of Delhi's Renaissance. There is an inscription outside the gates of the building. There is also a wooden board with the names of former principals written on it. "Mr Federick Taylor- 1836 to 1840," is followed by "Mr Botrus - 1841 to 1845." They served the institution was in its peak level. According to another tablet outside chemistry laboratory Etemad-ud-Daula, Zia-ul-Mulk, Syed Fazal Ali Khan Bahadur Sahab Jung had provided 1.70 lakhs rupees for the propagation of this institution and gave it in the trust of the British East India Company in 1829. Being one of the ancient buildings of the city it narrates the chronicles of the city of Delhi.


The Anglo Arabic Model School is the latest addition to the longest running educational complex in Delhi located just outside the Ajmeri Gate. The complex stands on a site that has a rich political history dating back over 300 years. The school emerged as a new chapter in the evolving story of this site. To understand the context in which the Anglo Arabic Model School was created, we must go back to the era of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Ghazi ud‐Din Khan Feroze Jung I, a general in Aurangzeb’s army, established a madrasa and a mosque at this place in the 1690s. It was named after him, the Madrasa Ghazi ud‐Din Khan. With the decline of Aurangzeb’s reign, the madrasa closed between 1790 and 1791. After his death, Ghazi ud‐Din Khan was buried on the site and his tomb still exists today.


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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.

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