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Maharaja Surat Singh of Bikaner with his munim

December 31, 1849
Bikaner court
Humayun II 1858-1877




Gouache on paper 12 x 9.1 in. (30.5 x 23.1 cm.) Back: “no. 440, inspection of accounts” (on a wet stamp): “This painting belongs to the personal collection of H H Maharaja Bikaner” This composition shows either documentation of daily activities of the ruler or inspection of the court records. Daily activities were recorded in almost all the kingdoms like Haqiqat Bahida in Mewar and Roznamcha in Dhundhar. Maharaja Surat Singh is shown seated with his munim (accountant) who is jotting records in a bahi (accounts book). The ruler is dictating or instructing by waving his hand. The ruler is shown clad in an orange shawl and is seated on a maroon mat and an attendant is appointed to stir the air with a hand fan. Maharaja Surat Singh was an observant ruler and invaded many kingdoms including Bahawalpur and made many peace treaties with kingdoms like Jaipur, Jodhpur and the British government.


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Ismail Mazari

average rating is null out of 5

Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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