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Masjid-i-Ala, Srirangapatna, Banglore

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Mirza Firuz Shah
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Religion and Festival
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Babur II 1881-1920

Masjid-i-Ala, Srirangapatna, Banglore

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DESCRIPTION

Masjid-i-Ala (also called Jama Masjid) is a mosque located inside the Srirangapatna Fort in Srirangapatna in Mandya District in Karnataka. It was built during the regime of Tipu Sultan during 1786-87. The mosque is located close to the Bangalore Gate and has two minarets. The mosque is built over an elevated platform. History Srirangapatna fort is believed to have been built by Timmanna Nayaka, a ruler of Vijayanagar Empire in 1454 CE. The fort was taken up by Wodeyars in 1495, Nawab of Arcot, Peshwas and the Marathas subsequently. During the rule of Krishnaraja Wodeyar (1734–66), the kingdom became a strong military force and came under the control of the military general Hyder Ali, the father of Tipu Sultan. During 1782, Tipu Sultan, the son of Hyder Ali took the reign of the fort and built fortifications. Tipu was invaded many times by the British forces. Tipu Sultan built the mosque during 1786-87 close to his palace. After several unsuccessful attempts, British forces under the command of Colonel Wellesly, made an attack on 4 May 1799 under the covers. The forces had 2,494 British officers and 1 lakh Maratha cavalry and Nizams soldiers totaling to a force of more than 2 and half lakh which attached less than 20 thousand soldiers in the fort who defended bravely, had it not been to the treacherous ministers poorniah and mir sadaq they would have repelled the invaders successfully. The treacherous ministers mixed dung and water in the gun powder. Tipu was killed in the battle and the English had a treaty with the Wodeyar queen. Architecture The mosque has two tall minarets which are separated by three octagonal stages. There are galleried balconies that separate each stage of the minaret. There are turnip-shaped domes on the top of the minarets. There is a large rectangular prayer hall inside the mosque with a flat roof supported by foiled arches. There is a series of arched openings in the minarets as well as the walls of the rectangular terrace. The mosque has two stories and unlike other mosques, it does not have a dome. There is an old clock installed during the early 20th century. A Madrasa is operated from the mosque, where learning of Islam is imparted.


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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.

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