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Poem of wisdom of love, beauty, and celebration of time

June 30, 1390
Amir Timur Lang 1370–1405

Poem of wisdom of love, beauty, and celebration of time



Folio from a Divan (collected poems) by Hafiz (d. 1390); recto: text, Poem of wisdom of love, beauty, and celebration of time; verso: illustration and text, Feast of 'id 1523 ca. Muhammad Qutub Shah Uzbek period Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper H: 30.0 W: 18.9 cm Herat, Afghanistan This illustration belongs to an early-sixteenth-century copy of the Divan of the great Persian poet Hafiz. Known for his ghazals (lyrical odes), Hafiz's verses elaborate on certain abstract themes, such as youth, beauty, love, and wine, that are common to much of classical Persian poetry. His work is also infused with a distinct mystical content, associated with the Sufi sect of Islam. The Feast of Id is inscribed with the following verses: It is time to celebrate, the end [of the season] and friends are waiting, Saqi (wine bearer), behold the moon in the king's face and bring wine. The celebration marks the end of Ramadan, the Muslim month of fasting, which begins and ends with the moon's sighting. Here, the crescent is visible in the upper right corner. To translate the lyrical mood of Hafiz's poem into visual form, the artist has created a lush garden setting, where elegantly dressed men are conversing, reading, listening to music, and drinking wine. Copyright Smithsonian Institution

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The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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