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Portrait of Subahdar Muzaffar Turbati 1620. Third Mughal Governor of Bengal Subah (1579–1580)

December 31, 1619
Jahangir 1605–1627




Muzaffar Khan was a Persian who had been in the employ of Bayram Khan (see facing portrait) before joining Akbar's court in 1565, first as divan (chancellor of the exchequer) and later as vakil (prime minister). Here he is depicted with a long black beard and flat white turban kneeling on a carpet. On the ground in front of him are an open penbox and a narrow book bound on the long edge. Mughal-Afghan war Daud was not content with the sultanate of Bengal. He dreamt of being a second Sher Shah Suri and of conquering the entire Indian subcontinent. But he had a formidable foe, Akbar the Great . Invasion of Jamania When Akbar was busy with his warfare in Gujarat, Daud Khan invaded Jamania near Ghazipur. The Afghan army razed the Jamania city to the ground and captured its fort. Akbar ordered the governor of Jaunpur, Munim Khan, to proceed against Daud. Munim Khan met his friend Ludi Khan, the Prime Minister of Daud, in Patna and settled in peace. The agreement pleased neither Akbar nor Daud. Ludi Khan was later put to death by Daud.[2] Later on 1573 Daud Khan captured Chittagong.[3][4] Battle of Patna In 1573 Munim Khan attacked Bihar, forcing Daud to retreat and take shelter in Patna. Daud sent Katlu Lohani, Gujar Khan Karrani and Sri Hari against the Mughal army. Munim Khan, along with Todar Mal and Mansingh, made the first attack in Hajipur. After a fierce battle, the Afghans were at the verge of victory. Akbar then captured the neighboring fort of Hajipur, which was the source of rations for the Afghan army. The Afghans fell in distress and retreated to Bengal. Akbar returned to the capital after appointing Munim Khan as the governor of Bihar and Bengal. Todar Mal was also left to assist him.[2] Battle of Tukaroi Main article: Battle of Tukaroi On 3 March 1575 a fierce battle was fought between the Mughals and the Afghans in Tukaroi. The result was a draw and the Afghans retreated to Katak, Orissa. The Mughals captured Tanda, the Afghan capital of Bengal. Munim Khan transferred the capital of Bengal from Tanda to Gaur. In the treaty of Katak, Daud ceded Bengal and Bihar to the Mughals. But he retained only Orissa as his possession. Six months later a plague broke out, and Munim Khan suddenly died in October 1575.[2] The Mughal army was repulsed from Eastern Bengal by Kalapahar and Isa Khan. Daud marched from Orissa to successfully recapture Gaur. Battle of Rajmahal Akbar sent a new army under the command of Khan Jahan Quli. He captured Teliagarhi and advanced towards Rajmahal. The two armies met in the battlefield of Rajmahal. The battle went on for many days. Akbar ordered the governor of Bihar, Muzaffar Khan Turbati and other generals to join. On the other side Daud was accompanied by other principal Afghan leaders like Junaid, Qutlu Khan and Kalapahar. After a fierce battle on 12 July 1576 Daud was finally defeated and executed. After his death, Bengal went under direct Mughal rule as Subah with Subahdars being installed. Page de l'album Polier : portrait de Muzaffar Khan TurbatiCOTE CLICHÉ16-507830N° D’INVEN TAIREMA O2244 FONDS Arts De L'IslamDESCRIPTION:Muzaffar Khan Turbati : gouverneur de Bihar. Fin du 16e siècle.PÉRIODE 16e siècle Inde (période) - Empire mogul (1526-1857) SITE DE PRODUCTION Inde (origine) TECHNIQUE/MATIÈRE aquarelle , papier (matière) LOCALISATION Paris, musée du Louvre CRÉDITPhoto (C) Musée du Louvre, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Harry Bréjat

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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