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Raja Sansar Chand Attacking Kangra Fort

December 31, 1781
Shah Alam II 1759–1806

Raja Sansar Chand Attacking Kangra Fort



Raja Sansar Chand Attacking Kangra Fort 1782 Northern India, Himachal Pradesh, Pahari Kingdom of Kangra Opaque watercolor and gold on cotton cloth Painting: 81.3 x 264 cm (32 x 103 15/16 in.) Purchase and partial gift from the Catherine and Ralph Benkaim Collection; Severance and Greta Millikin Purchase Fund 2018.120 INSCRIPTION Inscriptions in Takri and Persian. Persian reads: “On the 23rd of the month of Kartik, Samvat 1839 (1782 a.d.) Sri Maharaja Sansar Chand Bahadur attached Lakkarkot (Nagrakot ?) and the fortress of Kangra, attained victory and made siege intrenchments at the fortress of Kot Kangra.” At this time Sansar Chand was campaigning in the Kangra region with the support of the Sikh Jai Singh Kanheya who does not, however, appear in the present picture. But it was not until 1783 that Kangra Fort was surrendered to the Sikhs after the death of the Mughal Governor of Kangra, Saif Ali Khan. In 1786 Sansar Chand finy gained Kangra Fort by peaceful treaty from Jai Singh Kanheya in return for territorial concessions in the Punjab Plains (Archer, vol. 1, p. 249)

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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