RUSTAM MEETS THE CHALLENGE OF ASHKABUS, FROM A SHAH-NAMA (BOOK OF KINGS) OF FIRDAUSI (PERSIAN, ABOUT 934–1020) DURING MUGHAL EMPEROR AKBAR 1556–1605

247259-200.png
December 31, 1589
gold-medal-vector-816269_edited.png
subject-icon-1_edited.png
Military
Akbar 1556–1605

RELATED CONTENTS

DESCRIPTION

Rustam meets the challenge of Ashkabus, from a Shah-nama (Book of Kings) of Firdausi (Persian, about 934–1020)
c. 1590-1600

Part of a set. See all set records

Iran, Shiraz, Safavid Period, 16th century
Opaque watercolor, ink, and gold on paper

Image: 25.4 x 15.7 cm (10 x 6 3/16 in.); Overall: 31 x 20.1 cm (12 3/16 x 7 15/16 in.); Text area: 21 x 13.5 cm (8 1/4 x 5 5/16 in.)

Gift of John C. Heege 1960.199

DID YOU KNOW?
The enemy ruler of China sits in a howdah on the back of a white elephant.

DESCRIPTION
Iran was losing a battle against Turan and the armies of its assembled allies from India and China. The hero Rustam arrived to pull the Iranian army back from the brink of destruction, slaying the enemy warrior Ashkabus on foot while allowing his horse Rakhsh to rest after a long, hard journey. The vast number of armies involved in the battle is indicated by the many banners that extend beyond the illustration’s top border. This painting was probably produced at Shiraz, one of Iran’s major cultural centers, far to the south of the Safavid capital of Tabriz. Artists and works of art moved back and forth steadily between Shiraz and the Deccan in southwestern India during the 1500s and 1600s.

The section of the Shah-nama on the recto is famous for the clever conversational repartee between Rustam and his opponent Ashkabus. When Ashkabus remarked that in choosing not to ride a horse Rustam had signed his own death warrant, Rustam retorted, “Would it be the case then that in your country . . . lions, tigers, and crocodiles [all] ride on horses to battle?” Rustam then brought down the horse of Ashkabus with a single arrow; his next arrow pierced Ashkabus in the chest.

INSCRIPTION

Script: Nasta'liq

PROVENANCE

(Ascheroff, Paris, France)
?-1960

John C. Heege [1904-1990], Cleveland, OH, given to the Cleveland Museum of Art
1960-

The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH

CITATIONS

The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1966. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1966. Reproduced: p. 222 archive.org

The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1969. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1969. Reproduced: p. 222 archive.org

The Cleveland Museum of Art. Handbook of the Cleveland Museum of Art/1978. Cleveland, OH: The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1978. Reproduced: p. 279 archive.org

EXHIBITION HISTORY

Year in Review (1961). The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH (organizer) (November 1-26, 1961).

Art and Stories from Mughal India. The Cleveland Museum of Art (organizer) (July 31-October 23, 2016).

Rate This BookDon’t love itNot greatGoodGreatLove itRate This Book

Your content has been submitted

Ratings & Review

Mohmedd shareef

Thank You for Suggestion and replaced image with proper one.

Mirza Firuz

This is not the same may be one of his great grand children ???