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Sir Henry Havelock's telescope, 1857

November 30, 1857
Mirza Firuz Shah
Bahadur Shah II 1837–1857




Made by George Dollond, London. Sir Henry Havelock carried this brass and leather telescope during the War of Independence (1857-1859). He used it when his relief force fought its way into the Lucknow Residency compound in September 1857. Major-General Sir James Outram, who by rights should have assumed command, accompanied him. Instead, Outram agreed to serve under Havelock's command. Their force was only sufficient to reinforce the garrison and the siege continued until Sir Colin Campbell's arrival in November 1857. Havelock died of dysentery on 29 November 1857, a few days after the siege was lifted. NAM Accession Number NAM. 1963-10-215-1 Location National Army Museum, Study collection Mughal Library

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Ismail Mazari

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Very good information.


The Mughal Images immediately took a much greater interest in realistic portraiture than was typical of Persian miniatures. Animals and plants were the main subject of many miniatures for albums and were more realistically depicted. To upload your images click here.

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