top of page

Seat of War in Asia. Map of Afghanistan from Surveys Made by British and Russian Officers up to 1875.

Mirza Firuz Shah
Humayun II 1858-1877
Stacked Wooden Logs



This 1878 map depicts Afghanistan and portions of Central Asia, Persia, and British India based on surveys carried out by British and Russian officers up to 1875. An inset map shows the wider Asian context and notes distances from London of the most important places. The year 1878 is significant in the history of Afghanistan in that it marked the beginning of the Second Anglo-Afghan War, launched by a British invasion on November 21, 1878. The pretext for military action was the refusal of the Afghan government to admit the British envoy, Sir Neville Chamberlain, who had been dispatched to Kabul by the orders of Lord Lytton, the governor-general of India. The Afghan ruler Sher Ali Khan (reigned 1863-66 and 1868-79) had already and with some reluctance admitted into Kabul a Russian delegation led by General Nikolai Grigorevich Stoletov.

In the context of the political rivalry that existed between Russia and Great Britain over the control of Central Asia, this preference toward Russia was a slight which, from the British perspective, could not be allowed to stand unchallenged. Major fighting in the Second Anglo-Afghan War did not cease until the Battle of Kandahar in September 1880, after which Afghanistan ceded control of its foreign affairs to the British government. Compiled and printed by the Office of the Chief of Engineers of the United States Army "for the information of the officers of the U.S. Army," the map includes along its western edge markings indicating the latitude of a number of cities in the United States to be used as reference for its North American readers.

Great Britain Contributor.

Russia Contributor.
United States. Army. Office of the Chief of Engineers Creator.

Created / Published
Washington, D.C. : Office of the Chief of Engineers, 1878-11.

- Afghanistan
- 1868 to 1875
- Afghan Boundary Commission
- Afghan Wars
- Expeditions and surveys
- Library of Congress Afghanistan Project
- Military maps
- Territorial questions
- United States. Army

- Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- "Scale 1:2,027,520"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
- Original resource extent: 1 map ; 56 x 74 centimeters.
- Original resource at: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries.
- Content in English.
- Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

1 online resource.

Source Collection
American Geographical Society Library Digital Map Collection

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

Online Format
compressed data

LCCN Permalink

Additional Metadata Formats
MODS Record
Dublin Core Record

IIIF Presentation Manifest
Manifest (JSON/LD)

Rate This BookDon’t love itNot greatGoodGreatLove itRate This Book

Your content has been submitted

Post Comment
Ratings & Review
Click To Close Comment Box
Click To Post Your Comment
Show Reviews

Ismail Mazari

average rating is null out of 5

Very good information.

average rating is null out of 5

Shah Sharaf Barlas

average rating is null out of 5

If possible anyone have shijra family tree of Mughal Barlas traib of Attock Pakistan please share with me.


The Mughal Maps takes you back to a historical time of different eras, where you can see historical events based on the map and location of the event with all the details of the area of that time. You can add your maps to The Mughal Library here.

Mughal Library brings readers of our history and related subjects on one platform. our goal is to share knowledge between researchers and students in a friendly environment.

bottom of page